Southeast Asia has long been known as a backpacker paradise. Most places are cheap, the travel logistics are easy, safety is rarely an issue, and the region is blessed with a wonderful tropical climate. If you have a few weeks to spare — or better yet, a few months! — you simply can’t go wrong with backpacking through Southeast Asia.
Not everyone travels the same way, though many travellers do end up following similar routes. A loosely-defined route runs through Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia, which is sometimes referred to as the Banana Pancake trail (it was originally named after the typical breakfast that many guesthouses serve to foreigners). Over time, this well-trodden trail also developed various tendrils into Malaysia, Indonesia, southern China, and even the Philippines and Myanmar. In my Southeast Asia itinerary suggestions, I describe this circular route through the first four countries, though it’s also entirely possible to simply sail with the wind and zig-zag through Asia.
While the region is full of amazing places to visit, keep in mind that not every place will feel like you’re on a mystical journey; some places are definitely just playgrounds for partying Westerners (particularly in Thailand and Bali), while others might be overrun by daytrippers and package tourists (the temples in Bangkok and Ha Long Bay in Vietnam come to mind). Fortunately, you can decide to embrace or steer clear of the more commercial places, so it’s always up to you. Be sure to keep your plans flexible so that you have plenty of opportunities to explore.
Southeast Asia is especially perfect for a first-time backpacking trip, as it’s ripe with adventure and relatively easy to get around. Like so many, I also did my first long-term trip in Asia, and it opened up a whole new world of travel that I didn’t know existed (and I have since come back to the region two more times). Approach your trip with an adventurous spirit and an open mind, and you might become a traveller for life…
The 3 most important tips
Before you head off to Asia, I want to tell you three things:
- Don’t over-plan. Sure, it’s good to research your trip and establish the contours of what you want to see and do. But… plans will inevitably change when you get there. Don’t get too attached to your plans as the magic happens when you improvise, which is relatively easy to do in this part of the world.
- Relax. Not everything runs perfectly on a timetable in Asia, but that’s okay. Sometimes you have to haggle with a taxi driver for 10 minutes just to make sure you aren’t being ripped off, but that’s just what comes with the territory. Take it easy and shrug off inevitable minor setbacks with a sense of humor.
- Go local. Go for Asian food instead of hamburgers. Wean yourself off of air-conditioning; after a while you don’t need it, and you’ll save as much as 50% on your accommodation costs. Take local transportation instead of tourist ‘VIP buses’. Southeast Asia is best experienced close to the ground.
I’ve written destination guides for most countries in Southeast Asia, which can help you get a rough lay of the land. They’re all linked further down this page along with brief summaries of each country.
If you’re feeling a bit overwhelmed while planning your Southeast Asia backpacking trip, you can also make things easier by getting my step-by-step backpacking guide (available as e-book and in print).
The book helps you plan, pack, and prepare, but also gets you into the right mindset for getting the most out of your journey. Readers have said it feels like having a friend sit down with you to mull over your travel dreams and turn them into real plans. I wrote much of it while living on an island in Indonesia with my own struggles still fresh in mind, so it’s the perfect companion guide if you’re considering a trip or in the midst of planning one yourself.
Advice for creating your itinerary. If you read just one post, make it this one!
Consider adding these less-visited regions and countries to your route.
While the region is cheap overall, some places can still be expensive. Use these charts and average prices to create your budget.
Rookie mistake no. 1: hauling a giant backpack around filled with stuff you don’t need! Use my guide to get this right from the start.
Some key tricks for finding the best hostels based on your budget and expectations.
Booking ahead is not always necessary in Asia as there’s always some bed to sleep on somewhere. But booking sites are still the best way to secure the best places. Find the true gems using these tips & tricks.
Countries in a nutshell
So where should you go? The honest answer is: anywhere.
Some regions in the world may have some obvious duds that hold little appeal to visitors, but I honestly think every country in Southeast Asia is interesting in a different way.
The ones I personally fell in love with were the Philippines and Myanmar, followed closely by Indonesia and Laos, though everyone who has travelled the region is bound to have their own favourites. The following summaries are obviously very quick and include some generalisations — be sure to click any of the countries for in-depth guides!
Think of this as the gateway to Southeast Asia. Since Bangkok has the most international flight connections, most people start here.
The food is phenomenal, travel is easy, and there are heaps of interesting attractions. But… Thailand is also the most commercialised country with a huge focus on mass tourism and fly-and-flop holidays, particularly along the southern coasts. My Thailand guide has some pointers on how to avoid the crowds and focus on the more charming places.
Since Thailand is a common place to start an Asia trip, I also put together a sample itinerary for Thailand.
In Laos you won’t always be offered a thousand tours and activities on a platter as in Thailand, and it can feel a bit more adventurous and off-the-grid.
Part of the attraction is just being in a remote part of the world where the pace of life is slower. A highlight for me was the old city of Luang Prabang with its Buddhist calm, Mekong river views, and stunning azure-colored waterfalls nearby. Vang Vieng was once only a party town but is now an excellent hub for caving, hot air ballooning, and hiking adventures.
The infrastructure in Laos is very poor, so expect to need some patience when travelling here. Not so many organised tours or holidayers go here, so it can feel more authentic or less crowded than its neighbors.
Vietnam is like a whole other world. Hanoi and Saigon (a.k.a. Ho Chi Minh City) are buzzing with seemingly infinite shoals of motorbikes, and the local food markets are dizzying beehives of activity. Bring your camera as the cities are among the most vibrant in the region and amazing for street photography.
The Mekong Delta in the south and the karst cliff islands of Ha Long Bay in the north are the most famous attractions, though they can also be rammed with tourists or subject to very standardised tours, which can take away from the experience somewhat. Apart from a few exceptions in the far south, Vietnam also has mostly average beaches compared to neighbouring countries, many tropical reefs are damaged due to dynamite fishing, and there’s a bit of a scam and rip-off culture that can leave a bad taste if you are unlucky.
Dang… I guess I’ve made this sound a bit negative now, even though Vietnam is actually amazing!
The food and the street life are particularly fascinating, and Vietnam also shows a totally different face when venturing out into the countryside, going on a homestay, or venturing into the local markets. A popular thing to do in Vietnam is to rent or buy motorbikes, as the country lends itself especially well to road trips.
The temples of Angkor Wat — one of the largest ancient temple complexes in the world — is the main attraction here. Take your time and explore the outer-lying temples as well, which have an awesome overgrown Indiana Jones kind of feel. Cambodia emerged relatively recently from a dark history; the museums about the genocides are harrowing but essential to understanding this country. Cambodia also has some great beaches and islands, often less developed than many of those in Thailand.
At first glance, peninsular Malaysia can feel a little too… organised. It’s more conservative, more family-friendly, and doesn’t have that rough-and-tumble feel that its neighbors have. Of course, some might say these are actually good things, and the Perhentian islands and Langkawi are known as low-key and stunningly beautiful beach destinations.
My personal favorite part of Malaysia is Borneo, as it’s among the best places for nature and wildlife. Initially, you may be surprised by how developed this northern part of Borneo is: instead of rainforests you’ll first be mostly greeted by large modern cities and uniform landscapes filled with palm oil plantations. But go deeper into Borneo and you’ll unlock a wealth of wildlife adventures, including river tours of the rainforests (with a chance to see Urangutangs), climbing Kota Kinabalu (the highest mountain in Southeast Asia), and scuba diving at Pulau Sipadan, one of the world’s most famous dive sites that’s brimming with sharks, barracudas and sea turtles.
Be sure to budget a bit more for Malaysia. Accommodation and food is nearly as cheap as anywhere else, but local tours, hiking trips, and entries to national parks do add up much faster here.
Singapore is much more expensive than the rest of Southeast Asia, so those on a budget don’t stay for too long. Is is modern and high-tech, with some business districts feeling like futuristic visions from an architect’s dream. Singapore is very clean and can also be (dare I say) a bit dull and lacking creativity.
It does make for a good layover on an Asia trip, as its airport is one of Asia’s main hubs, and Singapore’s modern comforts can be a refreshing change after you’ve spent some time roughing it in bug-riddled bamboo huts far away from civilisation. The food in Singapore is phenomenal and no visit is complete without going to one of its many hawker centers where you can cheaply sample virtually any Asian cuisine.
Indonesia is so big that it’s almost impossible to summarise.
Parts of Bali are focused on mass tourism, but forge your own path (to Bali’s hinterlands or to other islands) and you’ll quickly be rewarded. Java and Lombok have some of the most impressive volcanoes around, while Java has some of the biggest temples in the region. Sumatra and Sulawesi see very few tourists, and they’re highly recommended if you want to go somewhere unspoiled. There is spectacular marine life around the Komodo Islands, where you can also see the komodo dragon lizards, and I loved exploring rural Flores.
Bali and the nearby Gili Islands are firmly on the typical Southeast Asia trail (and I recommend them), though the rest of Indonesia is much less discovered and with huge potential to find your own little stories.
This is Asia’s best kept secret. I adore the Philippines and keep recommending it to everyone.
That said, part of me thinks you need to have gone to countries like Thailand or Vietnam first to fully appreciate the Philippines. It’s a bit different and maybe not what everyone expects. While it’s not a common starting point for an Asia trip, consider going here maybe after you’ve seen the mainland.
For me, the Philippines has the perfect balance between adventure and ease of travel. You can go well off-the-beaten-track, but it also never feels like you’re having to push very hard. Also, since most people speak English, it’s much easier to have local experiences here.
It has some of the best beaches, reefs, and islands, as well as stunning rice terraces, fantastic national parks, lovely people, and an interesting culture that mixes Asian, American, and Spanish colonial influences.
Myanmar is a relative newcomer to the Southeast Asia backpacker circuit, as prior to the government reforms in 2012 it was difficult to go here. While it’s been rapidly opening up, you’ll still find authentic culture and a relative lack of cynicism towards tourists in Myanmar.
Go to Bagan at sunset (a complex of thousands of ancient temples) for some true pinch-me vistas. Burmese cuisine is hugely underrated and a foodie is going to have a great time. Take a train at least once: the creaking old carriages are something to experience.
Myanmar is best for those not seeking just parties or beaches, but authentic cultural immersion. In part because it’s still less-discovered, it’s among my personal favorite countries in Asia.
Are you trying to fit multiple countries into a trip with a specific timeframe? Be sure to also read my itineraries post for some useful tips.
Southeast Asia cost of travel
Not everywhere in Southeast Asia is equally cheap. Be sure to check out my Southeast Asia backpacker budgets along with average accommodation prices and up-to-date costs for various popular tours, trips, and park entries.
If you’re on a very tight budget, it’s easiest to stick to northern Thailand, Laos, Vietnam or Cambodia. If you have a little room in your budget, consider going to other destinations as well.