Belize is a small country attracting many visitors mainly thanks to its sparkling turquoise tropical waters and a plethora of diving and snorkeling opportunities.

It stands out from its neighboring countries as being the only one to have English as its official language (instead of Spanish). Belize also has a decidedly Afro-Caribbean feel, which is a fun change of setting if you are coming to Belize from Mexico or Guatemala.

Many backpackers traveling through Central America make a stop in Caye Caulker, before moving on to Guatemala or Mexico, making it a key waypoint on the Central America Gringo Trail.

Why you should visit Belize

Laidback Caribbean culture

Hearing reggae music and people speaking in Creole accent and saying ‘yah man’ is a fun diversion from the Hispanic culture in neighboring countries.

Caye Caulker’s motto is “Go Slow” and the island makes it incredibly easy to embrace this philosophy.

Beautiful crystal-clear waters

Belize takes marine conservation very seriously — to the point of me getting spontaneously lectured about it by locals!

It is home to world’s second-biggest barrier reef as well as the unusual dive site of the Great Blue Hole, which makes Belize a perfect destination for scuba diving.

There are also reefs around Caye Caulker where you can snorkel and see small reef sharks and stingrays, which are normally rare creatures to see just from the surface.

The island of Caye Caulker, where the motto is ‘Go Slow’

Cost of travel in Belize

If you are a low-budget backpacker you should know that Belize is a good deal more expensive than other countries in Central America.

Whereas you can get by on a backpacker budget of about $30 a day elsewhere, in Belize you should expect to need at least $50 a day. That’s not too bad if you are going on a holiday to Belize and have a set budget in mind, but it might figure into your calculations more strongly if you are travelling the wider region and have to allocate your time between countries.

I stayed in Belize for a relatively brief time as I knew that I could do many activities (such as caving and visiting national parks or Mayan ruins) much cheaper elsewhere. For me, it was merely a matter of ‘most bang for your buck’, though even if you are on a budget it’s worth making a stop in Belize, as it has such a different flavour from anywhere else.

Most backpackers end up spending some time on the Caye islands and specifically on Caye Caulker, which has become Belize’ main backpacker hangout.

A former British colony, you’ll find a very young-looking Queen Elizabeth on the Belizian dollar

A hostel dorm bed on Caye Caulker cost me $15 (2014 prices). A private room in a guesthouse will typically set you back about $30, though other backpackers told me they found some in the $15-20 range by asking around.

Most meals cost about $15 on the island – the cheapest meals are typically offered by some of the Chinese food places where you can get some chop suey or chicken and chips for $8; put some of the famous Belizean habanero hot sauce on it and you’ve got yourself a decent meal.

One reason you might want to spend more on food, however, is that fresh sea food is in ample supply. Belize is a great place to gorge on lobster.

Getting in and out of Belize

The Cayes make for a convenient waypoint between the beaches of Mexico and the tropical forests and Mayan ruins of northern Guatemala. A great way to get to Caye Caulker from Mexico is to take a water taxi from Chetumal.

To get to Guatemala from Caye Caulker you can take a water taxi from the island to Belize City and take a bus onwards to Santa Elena / Flores, tickets for which you can buy on the island. WikiVoyage has all the water taxi timetables.

Things to do in Belize

Dive down the The Great Blue Hole

The name sure triggers the imagination. The Great Blue Hole is essentially a big sinkhole in the middle of the ocean, and it looks so cool in aerial photos that it frequently appears in travel magazines and ‘X places to go before you die’ lists.

It’s possible to see the Blue Hole from a plane, though this is expensive and probably not worth it—you’ll get the idea from the photo above. You can also see it from the surface, though there’s not much to see as the edge between the regular ocean and the blue hole is barely visible at this angle. You can snorkel around the area and see sea turtles or reef sharks if you are lucky, though the best way to experience The Great Blue Hole is to go scuba diving.

To many it’s one of those ‘bucket list’ dives. What you should expect is essentially a wall dive with added stalagmites. It’s a great thing to cross off your list; although other reefs may offer a bit more to see, they don’t look as epic from above as the Great Blue Hole.

Spot some rare red-footed boobies

I went to the Half Moon Caye island as part of a diving package for the Blue Hole, but you can also go there as a day-trip. The island is full of little hermit crabs and other creatures, and if you are there during the right time of year you can observe a huge colony of rare red-footed boobies from an observation deck.

I’m not exactly a keen bird watcher but still enjoyed being surrounded by hundreds of these birds in the canopy, some of which were displaying their unusual red feathers.

Snorkel around Caye Caulker

Caye Caulker is a great base from which to go snorkeling. At Shark And Ray Alley you can, as the name suggests, swim with nurse sharks and southern sting rays.

There are also several marine reserves in the area with protected reefs where you can see lots of tropical fish. There are also tours from Caye Caulker to a manatee reserve near Belize City.

There are no cars on Caye Caulker, just a few of these little golf carts.

Other activities

My time in Belize was limited so I stuck mostly to Caye Caulker, though there are tons of things to do in Belize. Here are a few places and activities worth researching

  • You can go river tubing through caves on the Belize mainland. Friends told me this is quite fun.
  • There are many places in mainland Belize where you can go zip-lining
  • Belize has some Mayan ruins you can visit, though based on everything I’ve read these are not as worth seeing as other ruins elsewhere. It is hugely worth crossing the border into Guatemala and visiting the Mayan ruins of Tikal, which are some of the largest and most impressive around.
  • The town of San Ignacio is another backpacker hub, mainly because it’s en-route to Guatemala / Tikal. Go here for cave tours and access to national parks.

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