I recently backpacked in Morocco for a month and had a brilliant time. Its buzzing cities will keep you happily lost with their endless twisty alleyways, while its beautiful landscapes range from vast Saharan dunes to rugged Mediterranean coastlines. There is a lot to take in.
Another thing I like? That Morocco feels like an utterly different world despite being just a stone’s throw from Europe. Budget airlines such as EasyJet fly directly to many Moroccan cities, and ferries from Spain take only about an hour to reach Tangier. Morocco is a great choice for an individual trip, but it can also be a perfect add-on to a European backpacking trip.
On this page I’ve collected my Morocco travel tips and itinerary advice, along with links to some other useful resources.
While I enjoyed my time in Morocco, some cultural differences did make me slightly weary after several weeks. If you’re a Westerner it’s a good idea to read up on the conservative or traditional aspects of Moroccan culture, just so you know what to expect. More on this at the end of this page (including some potential issues facing female travellers).
TIP For a visual tour, check out 31 Photos That Will Make You Want to Visit Morocco
There are essentially three clusters of popular destinations in Morocco: one in the north around Fes, one around Marrakech and the High Atlas mountain region, and another one along the Atlantic coast in the south. I’ll talk about each of these in the next couple of sections.
(Note: the map above doesn’t show the Western Sahara in the far south of Morocco, only because it’s very remote and rarely visited.)
Marrakech & Central Morocco
Marrakech is Morocco’s third largest city and its main tourist hot-spot. If you are on a shorter trip or just looking for the classic Morocco experience, then Marrakech will be an obvious starting point.
Many trips combine Marrakech with sights in the nearby High Atlas region, and often a multi-day excursion to the Sahara desert. Expect things to be very touristy on this main trail, though it’s also a part of Morocco that’s not to be missed.
There is much to see and do in Marrakech. You will surely want to explore its medina (old city) with its winding alleys and its many souks (markets). The central square of Djemaa El-Fna is abuzz with activity at night, with all sorts of street entertainment including drum circles and snake charmers. While Djemaa El-Fna square is very touristy, it is a fun place to check out. Avoid eating from the food stalls here though, unless you want to pay a relative fortune.
The visual overload of Marrakech is exciting at first, but you’ll probably want to head to somewhere less stressful soon. The Marrakech medina is a notorious hunting ground for hustlers and fake ‘guides’, so keep your guard up a little. After a day or two, you might be ready to move on.
Wandering the Marrakech markets is definitely a fun immersive experience, but if you actually want to buy things it is arguably better done in Essaouira, Chefchaouen, or other smaller cities, where the atmosphere is calmer and bargaining is usually more pleasant.
Beware of scams and rip-offs
You can experience a lot of hassle in the medinas of Marrakech and Fes. Be sceptical of people spontaneously following you around to ‘help you’ in these cities—they will almost certainly try to get money off you in dubious ways. For more on this read my post: How Not To Get Hustled In Marrakech Or Fes
The High Atlas region
Many points of interest are scattered east of Marrakech throughout the High Atlas region. Among these are:
Ait Ben Haddou. This ancient kasbah (fortress) and mud brick city is not only a UNESCO world heritage site but also a popular filming location, having featured in movies like Gladiator and more recently in Game of Thrones. It’s a touristy location but not terribly so, and I think this is a very worthwhile stop.
Ouarzazate is a town near Ait Ben Haddou. Sights here include the town’s old kasbah, and a movie studio where Morocco has often stood in for other locations such as Egypt in Hollywood movies.
Todgha Gorge is a deep canyon in the High Atlas region offering some spectacular scenery.
The Dades Valley is a green valley around the dades river surrounded by rocky desert, often with views of interesting rock formations.
The High Atlas region is also home to various small berber villages, and is a popular place in Morocco to go hiking and trekking.
A camel trip in the Sahara is one of those iconic Morocco experiences. It’s understandably at the top of many people’s lists, though don’t feel pressured to include it in your itinerary at any cost.
The two main places where you can dip into the Sahara, Erg Chebbi and Erg Chigaga, are both very far away from everything else. Going there may not make sense for every travel plan—it just depends on what your priorities are and how much time you have. There are many organised 3 or 4 days tours to the Sahara, but they do involve a lot of driving and some early morning starts. If you do it independently, you can of course keep your own pace.
If you’re expecting to see the kind of epic Saharan dunes seen in nature documentaries or movies, you won’t quite find those here. The most impressive Saharan landscapes are said to be deep in Algeria and Libya, which are currently off-limits to travellers. The sand dunes in Morocco are smaller, though you will nevertheless be able to see sand stretching as far as the eye can see.
Riding a camel through the desert is a cool experience and of course a great photo opportunity. The desert is beautiful especially at sunset, when it’s bathed in deep orange hues. Staying the night in a desert camp is fun as well, and there is usually some evening entertainment in the form of some drum sessions around a campfire.
Arguably the best thing to do in the desert is to simply climb one of the dunes at night and gaze at the clear Milky Way. It’s said that there are more stars in the universe than there are grains of sand on Earth, and I highly recommend contemplating this fact while stargazing in the Sahara.
Sahara tours: are they worth it?
Countless local tour operators offer 2, 3 or 4 day trips between Marrakech and the Sahara desert. You can easily book these tours locally anywhere during your trip. They go to the dunes of Erg Chebbi near the town of Merzouga, or in some cases to Erg Chigaga further south. The standard itineraries typically include a camel ride and overnight stay in the desert, and stops at various sights in the High Atlas such as Ait Ben Haddou and the Dades Valley. The tours cover a lot of ground quickly, but they are not without their downsides.
I normally prefer to travel independently (see also: the name of my blog…!) but chose in this case to go on a 3-day tour. I was travelling solo and joined several people on a tour, which was easier for this leg of my trip. However, if you have the time and the chance to do so, I recommend covering this part of Morocco on your own. The tours can feel rushed and exhausting because there is simply so much distance to cover, so you will mostly sit in a minivan for hours with only brief stops at most locations.
Self-driving or taking local buses will definitely take you longer (probably at least 5 or 6 days starting in Marrakech), but you’ll be able to explore places more meaningfully. You can do every part of these tours independently, including the camel rides and overnight stays in the desert (which can be booked separately or on location).
If you are on a 1-week excursion to Morocco and keen to see the Sahara, then just book a tour as time is too precious. If you’re solo, taking a tour might also be easier. But if you have ample time and want to do things right, it seems better to do it on your own. This is doubly true if you’re also interested in hiking or trekking in the High Atlas, or if you want to explore some of the less-visited Berber villages along the way.
I’m lumping a few places together here as “southern Morocco”, covering mainly the Atlantic coastal areas around Agadir and the Anti Atlas mountainous inland areas. Agadir and Essaouira are the main tourist draws, while other areas here are relatively less visited and well worth it if you wish to avoid the crowds. The Atlantic coast is very popular with surfers and there are lots of surf schools around, though the big waves also mean that not all of the beaches are as good for swimming.
Essaouira is a pleasant coastal city just 2,5 hours from Marrakech. When I was researching my Morocco trip many people online seemed rather ‘meh’ on Essaouira, often saying you can “see it in a single afternoon”. But when I arrived in Essaouira from Marrakech I immediately knew I’d like it, as the atmosphere just felt so much more relaxed. I ended up staying 4 nights.
Your own impressions of Essaouira will probably depend on what type of trip you are on. If you are mainly after sightseeing, then maybe Essaouira is just a day-trip kind of place. The main sight here is the old coastal fortress, which also happened to feature in Game of Thrones. It’s easily ticked off the list.
If however you enjoy just soaking up the atmosphere for a while, then you may well like this town. It’s got a wonderful sea breeze, nice restaurants, interesting markets, and a couple of decent beaches within a 30-60 min drive distance (Sidi Kaouki beach just south of Essaouira is nice). There are several good backpacker hostels in town that can make you feel at home.
I also quite enjoyed shopping for souvenirs in Essaouira, as the salesmen are less intense than those in Marrakech or Fez (even though haggling is still necessary). Don’t miss a visit to the fish market for seeing a little slice of Moroccan life as well—you can also buy some fresh fish here and ask a restaurant to cook it for you.
Agadir further to the south I have less to say about, as it’s more of a standard resort built for package tourism and fly-and-flop holidays, which is not my kind of thing. If you’re travelling independently, you might not find it as interesting as many other places.
Just 10 km above Agadir you can find Taghazout, which is a much nicer beach town popular with surfers. Taghazout is also a great base from which to go trekking or hiking into the Anti Atlas, with many guided treks departing from here. If you want a much less commercial and smaller-scale place, I’d recommend ignoring Agadir and heading straight for nearby Taghazout. If you like to stay in hostels, you’ll find them only in Taghazout and not in Agadir.
Sidi Ifni is included in Lonely Planet’s top 20 destinations for Morocco, which is partly why I went there. The guide describes it with all sorts of flowery language, speaking of ‘art deco architecture’ and ‘fascinating Spanish influences’, but I found none of those things. Instead, it honestly struck me as an unremarkable sleepy seaside town with little to see or do. The elderly French tourists who set up their RV camper vans along the seafront seemed to like the place, but it’s a bit of a mystery why the Lonely Planet editor was so enamored with it.
If you have time to spare then Sidi Ifni is worth a look, but I would probably temper what some of the guidebooks have to say. Arguably of more interest than Sidi Ifni itself are some of the smaller nearby seaside towns (like Mirleft) and interesting beaches with red rocky cliffs (like Legzira beach 10 km north of the city).
Tafraoute however made me very glad to have visited southern Morocco. Located in the Anti Atlas mountain region, it is surrounded by gnarly rock formations that reminded me somewhat of northern Mexico. The town itself is very pleasant and welcoming with some good accommodation options, a local market, and a handful of restaurants.
There are some groups of day-trippers coming here on tours from Agadir, but it’s much nicer to go to Tafraoute independently and spend a night or two there. Tafraoute a great base for trekking as well as mountain biking. You can rent mountain bikes from two companies here, who will drop you off at a trail that takes you past many oases and interesting rock formations. Tafraoute takes a little while to get to (it’s 6 hours from Agadir) but I found it more than worth it for the surrounding landscapes alone.
The north of Morocco is home to (among others) the city of Fes, various Mediterranean beach towns, and several small mountain towns including the almost painfully picturesque Chefchaouen.
Fes is famous for having two ancient medinas (old cities) that together form the largest medina in the world. It’s a big maze of narrow passageways where the main arteries are lined with shops and market stalls, but where its many tendrils are sometimes just a meter wide and often eerily quiet. If Fes is your first stop in Morocco then its medina might be slightly overwhelming, so take your time to adjust to the city. If you have already seen other medinas in Morocco then the one in Fes still takes the cake, as you can just get lost endlessly here in ways you can’t in the smaller medinas.
Chefchaouen is a town famous for its blue and white houses, and it’s quite possibly the prettiest town in Morocco. It is a little reminiscent of Mediterranean towns in Greece like Mykonos, with lots of cute streets as well as a small and pleasant medina. Chefchaouen is a nice place to hang out for a while, though it’s also a good base for hiking and trekking; you can climb one of the surrounding mountains on a day hike, and there are companies organising multi-day treks as well. A popular point of interest in the area is the so-called ‘Bridge of God’, a 25m high rock formation that extends over a river valley.
Chefchaouen is also known for its more or less open sale and production of marijuana. Guides do point out that it’s still a “family friendly” destination, by which I suppose they mean that you won’t be around people smoking hasj if you don’t want to. It’s true that Chefchaouen shouldn’t be pigeonholed as there’s clearly much more to it than just the local ganja, despite what some travellers may think. Don’t miss it as it’s one of the Morocco highlights.
Other popular destinations in the north include the Roman ruins of Volubilis near Meknes, the picturesque town of Moulay Idriss and the seaside town of Asilah near Tangier. These are all places worth looking into if you’re going to northern Morocco.
Cities such as Rabat, Casablanca and Tangier typically don’t feature in many tourist’s travel plans. I must confess I also haven’t been to these cities myself, as I kept hearing somewhat lukewarm stories from people who had, as they are modern cities with less to see for visitors. However, I have also heard some amazing stories from travellers who went couchsurfing in these cities, and who discovered some amazing local experiences that made up for a relative lack of sights. It seems these parts are best enjoyed when you have a local connection.
Hostels in Morocco
You can find hostels mainly in Marrakech, Fes, Essaouira, Tangier, and Chefchaouen. Elsewhere, your budget options are mostly guesthouses and cheaper hotels. Here are a few recommended places to stay:
|Kaktus Hostel||Marrakech||A colourful and fun riad hostel less than a minute’s walk from the Jamaa El Fnaa Square. Known for its great atmosphere.|
|Hostel Riad Marrakech Rouge||Marrakech||Bright family run backpackers hostel. Also has an affiliated café/restaurant that does a mean lemon chicken tajine (best I had in Morocco).|
|Atlantic Hostel||Essaouira||Homely and centrally located hostel with a great roof terrace. Highest rated in Essaouir.a No bed available? Then stay at Cloud Nine hostel just across the street.|
|Dar Lalla Kenza||Fes||Impressive traditional building interior and a rooftop terrace overlooking the medina.|
|Dar Rabha||Fes||For those on a very low budget, this hostel seems to have the cheapest dorm beds in town… and it doesn’t have a bad rating either.|
|Aline Hostel||Chefchaouen||Go here to meet people. This cheapie (dorm beds only) has a layout that somehow forces everyone to chat with each other. Great fun, and great rooftop with view.|
|Hostal Vallparadis||Chefchaouen||This hostel has affordable private rooms and a nice atmosphere. One to go if travelling together or with a group.|
|Lunar Surf House||Taghazout (near Agadir)||There are no real hostels in Agadir, but there are a few just 10km north around Taghazout, including Lunar Surf as well as Surf Hostel Morocco.|
Staying in a riad
Riads are a type of traditional Moroccan house built around a central courtyard, many of which have been converted into hotels. It’s fun to stay in a riad at least once on your trip, as it’s a very Moroccan style of accommodation. The typically very green and quiet courtyards (often with a central bath) offer some welcome relief from the busy cities.
I’ve listed a few suggested riads below based on rating and price (currently under $40) on Booking.com, which is the best site for finding independent hotels. It also lets you search specifically for riads—be sure to look under ‘property types’ in the search results sidebar.
|Riad Shama Suites & Spa||Marrakech|
|Riad Al Makan||Fes|
|Riad Chakir Mogador||Essaouria|
Morocco Itineraries: Where To Go
Your travel plans should of course depend entirely on your interests, though my advice is always not to plan things too rigidly and to play it somewhat by ear if you at all can.
If you have just a week or so and want the ‘classic Morocco experience’, you could probably simply go to Marrakech, do a day-trip to Essaouira, and do a Sahara tour. It will be a busy week and you’ll cover some standard places, but you’ll definitely get to see a lot. It’s a common week-in-Morocco itinerary.
The Atlantic coast makes for a nice area to target for a more laid-back trip. There are many budget flights going from Europe directly to Agadir, so this can be a convenient entry point from which to start a trip.
If you’re travelling around Europe and you want to add some Morocco to your route, but if don’t have huge amounts of time, then the north is clearly the most obvious part to go. Northern Morocco is very easily reached from Spain as lots of ferries run throughout the day to Tangier and Tangier Med (a port about 30 minutes from Tangier city). There are also some ferries departing from southern France, so any of these countries can be conveniently combined into one trip.
All of the destinations mentioned throughout this page more or less combine to form the main ‘backpacker trail’, so if you want to see all the highlights one obvious route is to follow these points either north to south or vice versa. This will probably take you at least 3 weeks without rushing.
I should mention that I got to spend only a short amount of time on the Mediterranean coast, so you might want to consult other sources if you’re interested in these parts.
For those travelling long-term, I’ll admit that I was not so compelled to stay in Morocco much longer than 3 or 4 weeks (on a single trip, at least). While Morocco is very exciting, the conservative culture did make me a little weary eventually. When I finally crossed the Gilbraltar Strait into Spain, the difference couldn’t be more palpable: in Spain people dance, smile, drink, and sing, whereas in Morocco they do not nearly so much (things may be a little different in the bigger cities, but there’s still an undeniable difference). The food in Morocco also becomes rather one-note after a while—I sure enjoy a good couscous or tagine, but it seems that’s literally all on the menu. I’m mentioning this only for those considering a long trip in Morocco, and your mileage may well vary. I met some volunteers and surfers who happily stayed in Morocco for many months on end.
Morocco travel tips
English is generally spoken by hotel or hostel staff and professional tour guides, but beyond this you’re unlikely to find many English speakers. French is spoken much more widely as a second language, so if you have any French knowledge it will certainly help you with basic communication.
Locals seem to appreciate if you try to speak a few words in the local language, but keep in mind that multiple languages are spoken in Morocco. Arabic is most common, followed by Berber. Greeting a Berber by saying “salaam” in Arabic surely won’t offend them, but might not win you the usual brownie points either. I admittedly got confused about who is Arabic or who is Berber eventually, and simply began greeting people by saying “bonjour”…
While cities such as Rabat or Casablanca feel more ‘European’ (in a manner of speaking), Morocco is a fairly conservative country in general, and it’s recommended to dress appropriately. The general rule is to cover your shoulders, and not to wear very short trousers (but knee-height shorts are okay). Tank tops are generally a no-no in Morocco. All of this goes for both genders.
For women, blending in will help reduce unwanted attention from men (which is a common problem for female tourists in Morocco). While you don’t have to wear a headscarf, it’s worth draping a scarf over your shoulders or wearing trousers or a long dress that covers your legs. Occasionally you’ll see a less considerate tourist walking around in hot pants and a tank top—I’ve been told this is definitely offensive to many people, so this seems needlessly provocative and is probably best avoided.
Due to the Muslim faith Morocco is essentially a dry country. That doesn’t mean it’s impossible to find alcohol (beer and wine are produced locally), but simply that it isn’t part of the culture.
If you’re expecting to have a nice cold beer on a restaurant patio, you’ll probably be disappointed. Bars do exist but are often a little weird; they tend to either be high-end hotel bars with very expensive cocktails, or hidden local dives filled only with men. Hostels will sometimes sell a few beers. If you find a European style supermarket like Carrefour they will carry alcohol, and sometimes there’s a local liquor store in town (they tend to be pretty subtle). Alcohol is entirely legal in Morocco, though it’s unusual for people to drink publicly.
With only one or two exceptions, mosques are off-limits for non-Muslims. If you’re not of the Muslim faith, you can peek inside by standing near the entrance, but can’t go inside.
Comfortable tour buses from the companies Supratours and CTM connect the main destinations. Some popular routes (such as Marrakech to Essaouira) have Supratour or CTM buses pretty much every hour. Other routes, such as those to a small town like Chefchoauen, tend to have only a couple per day, so here it’s worth booking ahead. If there isn’t a comfy Supratour or CTM bus available right away, you may also be able to find a creaky local bus that will get you there a little slower.
There is one major train line running in Morocco, going from Tangier to Fes, Casablanca, Rabat, and Marrakech. This is a comfortable option, especially if you want to cover long distances between northern and central Morocco. It’s worth getting the 1st class upgrade, which is a bit more comfortable but still isn’t so expensive on a Western budget.
Sometimes it works out well to take a taxi between towns or cities. I did this on a couple of 1 or 2 hour legs in my journey where buses weren’t immediately available (for instance between Tiznit and Agadir, and between Tangier and the Tangier Med ferry terminal). A shared intercity taxi might cost around 30 Dirham for a 1 or 2 hour journey, though keep in mind that in Morocco it’s not uncommon for up to 7 people to share one regular size taxi (with 2 people sharing the seat next to the driver). While somewhat uncomfortable, it’s fun to travel in this local style at least once.
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Travelling as a woman
Women are sure to experience Morocco very differently from men. Female travellers confirmed to me many issues around unwanted attention from men, including cat calling or even men following them around. Dressing conservatively helps to a degree but does not eliminate this everyday annoyance. While not necessarily threatening, many women nonetheless were clearly very irritated by this aspect of travelling in Morocco. The behavior doesn’t occur when they’re accompanied by a man, and is worst when walking around alone.
As a man I’m probably not the best authority on this subject, but several female travel bloggers have written insightful posts on this topic. I recommend giving these posts a read in particular (they focus on solo travel, but are equally worth reading if you’re travelling together):
- How to Travel as a Woman Alone in Morocco Without Going Insane – This American Girl
- Solo Female Traveler – What Precautions To Take In Morocco – Bewildered in Morocco
- Travelling Morocco As a Solo Female – Neverending Footsteps
Other Morocco resources
- 31 Photos That Will Make You Want to Visit Morocco – Indie Traveller
- A Quick Guide to Marrakech – Flashpacking Duo
- Game of Thrones Filming Locations in Morocco – The Fairytale Traveler
- 10 Day Morocco Self-Drive Itinerary – great writeup of driving through Morocco in a circular route
- 10 Days In Morocco – a great suggested itinerary by Leave Your Daily Hell
- Nomad Revelations – great blog by João Leitao, a traveller who lives in Morocco
- Bewildered In Morocco – another blog by a Morocco resident
- 7 Travel Scams of Morocco and how to avoid them – Journey Wonders
- Imessouane: Best beach town in Morocco! – Rucksack Ramblings